What happens to ozone when the ozone layer disappears?
The ozone layer is made up of molecules that are created when the sun’s ultraviolet rays penetrate the Earth’s atmosphere.
The molecules trap UV radiation and allow the sun to heat and create heat.
A layer of ozone exists between the ozone molecules and the surface of the Earth.
In the past, scientists have theorized that ozone can be destroyed by large volcanic eruptions, but recent research suggests that it could also be destroyed over the long term.
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications found that an ozone hole can be formed by large volcanoes and the melting of ice.
Researchers used a computer model to calculate how much the ozone in the Earth system could be reduced by a large volcanic eruption.
They then compared that number with the amount of ozone in Earth’s surface.
They found that the volcano-generated ozone hole could last for up to 100,000 years.
The study found that if large volcanic-generated eruptions were to occur every year, that could result in a “sparse ozone hole” lasting for 10,000 to 30,000 more years than the amount that can be predicted from current estimates.
Scientists say it is important to understand the impact of such large volcanic events in order to avoid damaging future generations.