What is the difference between a white man, a white woman, and a white racist?
By Simon Corrigan Updated April 20, 2020 16:35:22A common misconception is that a white person is always a white supremacist.
But this is not necessarily true.
And a survey has found that a number of white supremacists and white supremacists groups are more likely to be members of other races than white supremacists themselves.
Some white supremacists, for example, are attracted to a group of people from a different race, rather than a racial group, and will seek out these members in order to find them more easily, say the authors of a new study from the University of California, Berkeley.
The authors of the study, led by James Wilson, associate professor of psychology at UC Berkeley, said that while a large proportion of white racists are attracted by the stereotype of white people as the only group capable of racial equality, they are also attracted to people from other racial groups who they feel share their racial values.
In the survey, the researchers used a scale of white supremacy to classify participants into five groups, including people who identify as white supremacists (whites), white nationalists (whiteness), white supremacists of various ethnicities (people of African, Caribbean and other Caribbean ancestry), and people who have some level of prejudice against non-whites (people who are not white supremacists).
The scale used in the study was a composite that included a number that corresponded to people who were categorized as white supremacy, white nationalism, white supremacists from various ethnic groups and some members of the broader “other” category.
Participants were then asked about their attitudes towards other races and people of different races, such as those from other ethnic groups, immigrants and refugees, the authors said.
The study was published online in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology and will be presented at the upcoming American Psychological Association meeting.
It found that more than a third of white supremacist participants identified as white nationalist, and almost a quarter of those who identified as whites said they believed that “whites should not be allowed to own property” and that “white people are a superior race”.
They were also more likely than white nationalists to be white supremacists who identified with other racial minorities, or to be “very conservative” in their racial identity.
In fact, only one in four white supremacists agreed that “the United States is a predominantly white nation and that there should be racial and ethnic balance within the US”.
In contrast, only 10 per cent of white nationalists believed that the US should be “a majority white nation”.
“It is a minority that would consider themselves white supremacists,” Wilson said.
“The rest are people who think there should not necessarily be racial or ethnic diversity within the United States.”
White supremacists and other white supremacists were more likely, on average, to identify as members of ethnic groups that are at a high level of social privilege, compared to people of other racial backgrounds, he said.
These ethnic groups included people from Latin America, African-Americans, Asians and Native Americans, who were more racially diverse.
The researchers also found that whites were more supportive of their own racial identity than people of any other racial group.
More broadly, they also found white supremacists tended to be more willing to use violence, including physical violence, to defend their racial beliefs.
White supremacists were also likely to agree that “race is the primary form of social control” in society, compared with people of non-white racial backgrounds.
White people, especially those who identify with a racist ideology, were more willing than those of other race to believe that they have a “special place in the world” and have a special role to play in society.
White supremacy, Wilson said, has a “tendency to be about power and dominance, not respect for other people”.
“When you think about it, it makes sense that people who are white would think that it is important to get their way, and that it’s important to be dominant,” he said, explaining that “power comes from having control”.
The study found that people of white racial backgrounds were less likely than others to be willing to kill someone to defend racial beliefs, or believe that it would be “right” to shoot someone in the back for wearing a hoodie.
“White people are more inclined to use physical force against people who wear hoodies,” Wilson noted.
“They may not want to kill, but they do want to keep it quiet, and they don’t want to be seen as racist.
They want to maintain the status quo.”
The study is the first to examine racial attitudes among white supremacists in a nationally representative sample of white Americans, he added.